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POS - first pass - Page 3 - Toki Pona Forums

POS - first pass

Language learning: How to speak Toki Pona, translation problems, advice, memory aids, tools and methods to learn Toki Pona and other languages faster
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janMato
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Re: POS - first pass

Postby janMato » Wed Jul 28, 2010 2:36 pm

Where the official grammar is quiet, we aught to tread carefully.
- community constructions used once by one person, don't make a trend
- if the entire community makes a mistake, it isn't a mistake anymore, it is the rule
- innovations that closely follow existing patterns are probably safe (e.g. poka is a bare preposition by the classic word list, but we have another pattern that says locational preps should be prefixed by lon, eg. lon anpa, lon supa, lon sike, so to continue the pattern, it should be lon poka regardless to what the classic word list says)
- innovations that are more avant garde, are only right to the extend that it sounds right and people copy it.

li lon X e Y is avant garde, imho, I'd have to see more people use it (hopefully un-self consciously!) before I'd really trust it.

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Re: POS - first pass

Postby janKipo » Wed Jul 28, 2010 3:18 pm

Wish I had my notes on all this stuff from way back when. This is not innovation, but part of the regular pattern with 'lon', 'tawa' and 'tan.' I think it has been used less with 'lon', more with 'tan' and most with 'tawa'. There is a long note in one lesson, about "objects" that are not affected by the action; this is the same point , made in a different, less precise, fashion.
'poka' as a preposition means "with(accompaniment)". 'lon poka' means "at/on the the side", a somewhat different notion, being mainly spatial. They converge in the not so literal sense, however, when the talk of making choices of allegiance in a conflict.
'lon x e y' is old hat, just largely ignored.
And who is Mato to talk of treading warily? pu!

janMato
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Re: POS - first pass

Postby janMato » Wed Jul 28, 2010 3:27 pm


janKipo
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Re: POS - first pass

Postby janKipo » Wed Jul 28, 2010 5:11 pm

I don't think 'poka' is enough to build a new pattern on, but I do expect that the 'lon' is going to fade from a lot of those combinations (though maybe not from 'lon poka').
I do think 'li pi' may have made it into one exercise in Bije's book, but I'm not sure. The stuff with 'tawa' is a bit more common. and maybe a couple with 'tan'. I'm not sure that there is any with 'lon' though. But it is a pattern.
Very true about evolution, but I'm still trying to get a fairish number of people who can work with its now form.
Last edited by janKipo on Thu Jul 29, 2010 9:17 am, edited 1 time in total.

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jan Ote
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Re: POS - first pass

Postby jan Ote » Thu Jul 29, 2010 12:23 am


janKipo
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Re: POS - first pass

Postby janKipo » Thu Jul 29, 2010 9:21 am

Hmmm! Not a bad thing to have. How would you say it otherwise? (kili) ni li kili mi. (tomo) ni li tomo pi jan Tami (ilo) ni li ilo sina. (ma) ni li ma pi jan Tosi. (toki) ni li toki pi mi mute?

janKipo
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Re: POS - first pass

Postby janKipo » Thu Jul 29, 2010 12:13 pm

BTW If you think 'lon kasi' is strange, consider 'mi kwn pali e ilo e jan' "I helped a man make a tool." Maybe this is what 'pu' as virgule is for, to break these really badly ambiguous sentences. Of course, we can combine them: 'mi ken tawa ma Kansa e jan lili bi jan meli e meli ni' "I helped a woman mover her kids to Kansas"

janMato
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Re: POS - first pass

Postby janMato » Thu Jul 29, 2010 12:23 pm

Those are ditransitives. I was thinking about that, but ditransitives right now are conjunctions.

I can create a tool and a person.
I can move to Kansas this woman and her children.

Where would the pu (tentatively) go to change these from the conjunction meaning to the benefactive?

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Re: POS - first pass

Postby jan-ante » Thu Jul 29, 2010 12:28 pm


janKipo
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Re: POS - first pass

Postby janKipo » Thu Jul 29, 2010 12:37 pm

Meaning is given in the general rule for prepositions. It is always possible, of course, to double up 'mi lon e ilo suno lon kasi' But there is no problem with the intransitive form:'mi lon tomo mi', where it is both (or a verb that takes NP complements). Why get twitchy with the transitive form?


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