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Toki pona accent (polynesian).

Posted: Sun Aug 11, 2019 9:37 am
by janU
I’ve been trying to design a naturalistically flowing accent for toki pona without breaking any rules or phoneme distinctions, since strictly sticking with the IPA guidelines can sound a bit choppy and artificial.

Many of toki pona’s words resemble Polynesian languages. I was originally considering using a Polynesian like allophony, but I wasn’t able to get toki pona’s final /n/ to work without any peculiarities.

This is my most improved allophony for toki pona. It is similar to Polynesian languages and has nasalization as consequence of vowel length. Not everyone can nasalize vowels, which is fine. In dialects of Mandarin nasalization is interchangeable with a final /n/. ... 1343/33425


Front Nasal Back Nasal
j-, -i /i/ -in /ĩː/ u /u/ -un /ũː/
e /e/ -en /ẽː/ o /o/ -on /õː/
a /a/ -an /ãː/

Vowel sequences:

ja /ia/, je /ie/, jo /io/, ju /iu/


Bilabial Alveolar Velar
Plosive p /p/ t /t/ k /k/
Nasal m /m/ n /n/
Fricative / s /s/
Approximant w /v~w l /ɾ~l/

Free variation allophones:
Aspiration of plosives.
Close mid and open mid vowels.

/j/ becomes part of a vowel sequence. /j/ and /i/ have different positions so it shouldn’t affect intelligibility if they are merged. Some orthographies represent /i/ with "j" in initial position.
Examples: jan [iãː], ijo [iio], linja [ɾinia].
A glottal stop is rarely added to the beginning of words. “ante e” is separated by a hiatus.
The consonant /s/ has a low stridency.

Stress is nonphonemic and placed on the penultimate mora. The exception is words like /kiwen/ which are stressed on the final nasal vowel.


/mama pi mi mute o, sina lon sewi kon/

[mama pʰi mi mute o sina ɾõː sevi kõː]

/nimi sina li sewi/

[nimi sina ɾi sevi]

/ma sina o kama/

[ma sina o kama]

/jan o pali e wile sina lon sewi kon en lon ma/

[iãː o paɾi e vile sina ɾõː sevi kõː ẽː ɾõː ma]

/o pana e moku pi tenpo suno ni tawa mi mute/

[o pʰana e moku pʰi tẽːpʰo suno ni tawa mi mutʰe]

/o weka e pali ike mi. sama la mi weka e pali ike pi jan ante/

[o veka e pʰaɾi ike mi sama ɾa mi vekʰa e paɾi ikʰe pi iãː ãːtʰe]

/o lawa ala e mi tawa ike/

[o ɾawa aɾa e mi tawa ikʰe]

/o lawa e mi tan ike/

[o ɾawa e mi tãː ike]

/tenpo ali la sina jo e ma e wawa e pona/

[tʰẽːpo aɾi la sina io e ma e wawa e pʰona]



The Tongan language which is phonologically similar in some ways: