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Verb vs. Predicate - Page 2 - Toki Pona Forums

Verb vs. Predicate

Language learning: How to speak Toki Pona, translation problems, advice, memory aids, tools and methods to learn Toki Pona and other languages faster
Lingva lernado: Kiel paroli Tokiponon, tradukproblemoj, konsiloj, memoraj helpiloj, iloj kaj metodoj por pli rapide lerni Tokiponon kaj aliajn lingvojn
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jan_Lope
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Re: Verb vs. Predicate

Postby jan_Lope » Sat Feb 09, 2019 6:00 am

pona!
jan Lope
https://jan-lope.github.io
(Lessons and the Toki Pona Parser - A tool for spelling, grammar check and ambiguity check of Toki Pona)

On my foe list are the sockpuppets janKipo and janSilipu because of permanent spamming.

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janTepanNetaPelin
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Re: Verb vs. Predicate

Postby janTepanNetaPelin » Sat Feb 09, 2019 10:01 am

https://github.com/stefichjo/toki-pona (mi sitelen e lipu ni pi toki pona)
mi jan Tepan. mi pu. mi weka e jan nasa Kipo e jan nasa Lope.

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jan_Lope
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Re: Verb vs. Predicate

Postby jan_Lope » Sat Feb 09, 2019 10:40 am

pona!
jan Lope
https://jan-lope.github.io
(Lessons and the Toki Pona Parser - A tool for spelling, grammar check and ambiguity check of Toki Pona)

On my foe list are the sockpuppets janKipo and janSilipu because of permanent spamming.

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jan_Lope
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Re: Verb vs. Predicate

Postby jan_Lope » Tue Apr 09, 2019 4:20 am

pona!
jan Lope
https://jan-lope.github.io
(Lessons and the Toki Pona Parser - A tool for spelling, grammar check and ambiguity check of Toki Pona)

On my foe list are the sockpuppets janKipo and janSilipu because of permanent spamming.

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jan_Lope
Posts: 294
Joined: Sat Apr 06, 2013 1:30 pm
Location: mi lon ma tomo Pelin.
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Re: Verb vs. Predicate

Postby jan_Lope » Mon Jun 17, 2019 3:06 am

toki!

I've updated my lessons: Chapter "Negation, Yes/No Questions" Yes/No questions are now defined not only with VERB ala VERB, but generally with PREDICATE ala PREDICATE.

https://htmlpreview.github.io/?https:// ... 0000000000

Quote:

An Predicate Noun as Subject of the Question

We had already learned the difference between verb and predicate. In Toki Pona are sentences without verb possible. Then nouns serve as predicate nouns or adjectives as predicate adjectives.

In the lessons of B. J. Knight (2003) and the official Toki Pona book of Sonja Lang [15] yes/no questions with ala are defined only with verbs. But this contradicts their own examples as well as common practice. For example one cannot formulate the question 'Is she a mother? In these lessons I will therefore not adhere to this limitation.

If the yes/no question refers to a predicate noun, the adjective ala is added to it and the predicate noun is repeated.

ona li ' mama ala ' mama ? Is she a parent?
ni li ' jan ala ' jan? Is this a person?
ni li ' kili ala ' kili? Is this a banana?
ni li ' tomo pi telo nasa ala ' tomo pi telo nasa? Is this a pub?
ona li ' jan pi pona lukin ala ' jan pi pona lukin? Is she an attractive person?

An Predicate Adjective as Subject of the Question

If the yes/no question refers to a predicate adjective, the adjective ala is added to it and the predicate adjective is repeated.

sina ' pona ala ' pona? Are you OK?
mi ' pona ala ' pona, tawa sina? Do you like me?
suno li ' suli ala ' suli? Is the sun big?
len sina li ' telo ala ' telo? Are your clothes wet?
pona!
jan Lope
https://jan-lope.github.io
(Lessons and the Toki Pona Parser - A tool for spelling, grammar check and ambiguity check of Toki Pona)

On my foe list are the sockpuppets janKipo and janSilipu because of permanent spamming.


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