** Language Update from the Creator of Toki Pona **
The words "en", "kin", "kan" and the concept of "and" have been
relatively unstable and confusing in Toki Pona, as I have been
experimenting to find the best system.
-= Early Toki Pona =-
"en" divided between modifiers = and
jan pona en suli = good and tall person
There was no clear way to divide between head nouns. "en" needed to
be repeated to divide between multiple main nouns, which was clumsy
en kon lete en suno = the north wind and the sun
(because "kon lete en suno" would have meant "cold and sunny air")
"kin" was added in front of any word for emphasis = also, indeed, even
kin mi pali = *I* work too
"kan" was a quasi-preposition verb meaning "with the company of"
mi kan sina = I am with you
-= Mid Toki Pona =-
"kin" became the way to divide head nouns. It still retained its
meaning as an emphasizer.
kon lete kin suno = the north wind and the sun
mi kin wile = I even want to
This addressed the need of an "and" word for in between head nouns,
but created syntactical confusion with the other meaning of "kin".
"en" and "kan" stayed the same.
-= Proposed New Toki Pona =-
"en" is now used to divide between head nouns.
kon lete en suno = the north wind an the sun
There is no longer a way to divide between modifiers. This is no
longer necessary. A "tall and good" person is simply a tall "good
person" or a good "tall person", as you will.
With a plural-intended meaning you can always use an expression
like "en ona":
mije pona en ona ije = good men and bad ones, good and bad men
Although repeating "mije" twice is probably more Tokiponish.
mije pona en mije ike
In this example there is clearly at least 2 men, at least 1 good and
"kan" no longer exists. "en" is used. (and = with)
mi en sina. = I am with you.
mi en mije li toki. = I talk with the man. Me and the man are
This frees up "kin" to be used an as emphasis word to be added before
kin sina = you too
mi wile moku e kin waso = I want to eat chicken too, I even want to
(or: mi kin wile moku e waso)
Note that there is still a good way to divide head nouns by repeating
mi wile moku e kili e waso. = I want to eat vegetables and chicken.
I think this update will finally settle these details and many
unanswered questions. I am open to comments... What do you think?
-= Advanced Numbers =-
I am also considering getting rid of the so-called "advanced numbers"
like "luka luka luka tu tu wan". I have noticed that some speakers
are abusing them. Maybe it would be much better if they simply didn't
exist, preventing people from getting hung up on them. It's always
better to count with: wan, tu, mute. ;)
If this happened, I suppose it would sill be grammatical to say
something like "tu en tu en tu en tu en wan", making the need for
complex numbers even more ridiculous.
The intent of the complex numbers was just to give an option when
such precision is really necessary. In TP it is always better to