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lesson 1 french - Toki Pona Forums

lesson 1 french

Archives from the old Yahoo! group
Arĥivoj de la malnova Yahoo!-grupo
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europeendabord
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lesson 1 french

Postby europeendabord » Fri Mar 07, 2003 8:17 am


<!DOCTYPE HTML PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.01//EN"
"http://www.w3.org/TR/html4/loose.dtd">
<html>
<head>
<title>Toki Pona: Première leçon</title>
<meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=iso-8859-1">
<link rel="stylesheet" type="text/css" href="nasin.css.htm">
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<body>

<table width="100%" border="0" cellspacing="0" cellpadding="0">
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<td rowspan="2" valign="top" width="125" height="106" align="left"><a
href="default.htm"><img src="tp3.gif" border="0" id=":)" alt=":)"
width="111" height="92"></a></td>
<td align="left" valign="bottom" class="tokilawa">Toki&nbsp;Pona</td>
<td align="right" valign="bottom" class="tokiante">le language du
bien<br>le simple chemin de vie</td>
</tr>

<tr>
<td height="9"></td>
<td></td>
</tr>

</table>

<table width="100%" border="0" cellspacing="0" cellpadding="0" class="laso">
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<td>
&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;<a href="intro.php.htm" class="nav">introduction</a>
&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;<a href="learn.php.htm" class="nav">leçons</a>
&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;<a href="dict.php.htm" class="nav">dictionnaires</a>
&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;<a href="comix.php.htm" class="nav">bandes dessinées</a>
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<!-- <td class="nav">wisdom</td>
<td class="nav">ask the sage</td>
<td class="nav">thoughts</td> -->

<p>&nbsp;</p>
<h1><img src="swirl.gif" width="66" height="25" border="0"
alt="***">&nbsp;&nbsp;Première leçon&nbsp;&nbsp;<img src="swirl.gif"
width="66" height="25" border="0" alt="***"></h1>


<p>&nbsp;</p>

<p class="lawa">Vocabulaire</p>

<p>(Cliquer sur le texte relevé en bleu pour entendre sa prononciation)</p>

<table>
<tr>
<td valign="top"><strong>Des gens et des choses</strong>



<table border="0" cellspacing="0" cellpadding="0">
<tr>
<td valign="top"><a href="kalama/jan.wav" class="kalama">jan</a></td>
<td width="10"></td>
<td>personne, des gens, humain, être, quelqu'un, n'importe qui</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td><a href="kalama/mi.wav" class="kalama">mi</a></td>
<td></td>
<td>je, me, moi</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td><a href="kalama/moku.wav" class="kalama">moku</a></td>
<td></td>
<td>nourriture</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td><a href="kalama/sina.wav" class="kalama">sina</a></td>
<td></td>
<td>tu, toi, vous, votre</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td valign="top"><a href="kalama/suno.wav" class="kalama">suno</a></td>
<td></td>
<td>soleil, lumineux</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td valign="top"><a href="kalama/telo.wav" class="kalama">telo</a></td>
<td></td>
<td>eau, liquide</td>
</tr>


</table>

</td>

<td width="20"></td>

<td valign="top"><strong>Actions et qualités</strong>



<table border="0" cellspacing="0" cellpadding="0">
<tr>
<td><a href="kalama/moku.wav" class="kalama">moku</a></td>
<td width="10"></td>
<td>manger</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td valign="top"><a href="kalama/pona.wav"
class="kalama">pona</a></td>
<td></td>
<td>bon, bien, agréable</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td valign="top"><a href="kalama/suli.wav"
class="kalama">suli</a></td>
<td></td>
<td>gros, imposant, long, important</td>
</tr>
</table>


<br><br>
<strong>Particule grammaticale</strong>



<table border="0" cellspacing="0" cellpadding="0">
<tr>
<td valign="top"><strong>li</strong></td>
<td width="10"></td>
<td>sépare le sujet à la 3ième personne de son verbe</td>
</tr>

</table>

</td>


</tr>
</table>


<p>&nbsp;</p>

<p class="lawa">Phrases type</p>

<p>Pour exprimer que quelqu'un ou quelque chose <em>fait quelque chose</em>
ou <em>en est la voie</em>, on utilise une construction de base
<strong>sujet + verbe</strong> .<br>En toki pona, le mot <strong>li</strong>
sert à démarquer le sujet du verbe.</p>

<p><strong>Structure:</strong> sujet + <strong>li</strong> + verbe</p>

<p>En présence de <strong>mi</strong> (<em>je</em>) et <strong>sina</strong>
(<em>vous</em>), <strong>li</strong> est supprimé.</p>

<p>&nbsp;</p>

<p class="lawa">Exemples</p>

<table border="0" cellspacing="0" cellpadding="0">
<tr>
<td><strong>jan li moku</strong></td>
<td width="10"></td>
<td>la personne mange</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td><strong>telo li pona</strong></td>
<td></td>
<td>l'eau c'est bon</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td><strong>suno li suli</strong></td>
<td></td>
<td>le soleil est énorme</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td><strong>sina suli</strong></td>
<td></td>
<td>vous êtes gros/imposant</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td><strong>mi moku</strong></td>
<td></td>
<td>je mange</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td><strong>sina pona</strong></td>
<td></td>
<td>vous êtes bon</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td><strong>moku li pona</strong></td>
<td></td>
<td>se nourrir est bon</td>
</tr>
</table>


<p>Noter la conjugaison en toki pona ne distingue pas le présent, du passé
ni du futur.</p>

<table>
<tr>
<td valign="top"><strong>sina moku</strong></td>
<td width="10"></td>
<td> vous mangez<br>
vous mangiez<br>
vous mangerez</td>
</tr>
</table>

<p>Il n'y a pas d'article</p>

<table>
<tr>
<td valign="top"><strong>telo li pona</strong></td>
<td width="10"></td>
<td>l'eau est bonne<br>de l'eau c'est bon</td>
</tr>
</table>

<p>On ne distingue pas le singulier du pluriel. Par exemple,
<strong>jan</strong> signifie et <em>la personne</em> et <em>des
gens</em>.</p>

<p>Beaucoup de concepts en toki pona ont un sens très vaste.
L'interprétation à en donner dépend beaucoup du contexte:</p>

<table>
<tr>
<td valign="top"><strong>suno li suli</strong></td>
<td width="10"></td>
<td>le soleil est énorme<br>le jour est long<br>le soleil est important
</td>
</tr>
</table>

<table>
<tr>
<td valign="top"><strong>moku li pona</strong></td>
<td width="10"></td>
<td valign="top">
la nourriture était bonne<br>
bonne substance</td>
</tr>
</table>

<p>&nbsp;</p>

<p class="lawa">Exercice</p>

<p>Traduire les phrases suivantes en toki pona.</p>

<table>
<tr>
<td>
<textarea rows="7" cols="60">
Quelqu'un est important.
Je mange.
Le soleil apparait.
La personne est grande.
Vous êtes bon.
L'eau est bonne.
</textarea>
</td>
<td><a href="ans1.html" target="answers" onclick="window.open('ans1.html',
'answers', 'width=330,height=225'); return false"><strong>pour vous
contrôler, cliquer ici</strong></a></td>
</tr>
</table>


<br>
<br>
<table border="0" width="100%">
<tr>
<td align="left" class="suli">retour en arrière vers les <a
href="learn.php.htm">leçons</a></td>
<td align="right" class="suli">avancer à la <a href="tp2.php.htm">leçon
deux</a></td>
</tr>
</table>

<br><br>
<table width="100%" border="0" cellspacing="0" cellpadding="0" class="laso">
<tr>
<td>
&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;<a href="intro.php.htm" class="nav">introduction</a>
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&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;<a href="comix.php.htm" class="nav">bandes dessinées</a>
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&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;<a href="chat.php.htm" class="nav">chat</a>
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class="nav" target="_blank">discussions</a>
&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;<a href="links.php.htm" class="nav">liens</a>
&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;<a href="fun.php.htm" class="nav">détente</a>
&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;<a href="help.php.htm" class="nav">contribution</a>
</td>

</tr>
</table>
<!-- <td class="nav">wisdom</td>
<td class="nav">ask the sage</td>
<td class="nav">thoughts</td> -->

<br>
<p class="lili">Adresser commentaires ou questions à <a
href="http://groups.yahoo.com/group/tokipona/" target="_blank"><strong>Toki
Pona discussion group</strong></a>.<br>
Dernière mise à jour: June 2002<br>Copyright &copy; 2001-2002 Toki Pona.
Tous droits réservés.<BR>
Traduction bénévole: François Comparot</p>

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