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Experimental punctuation for didactical purposes

Posted: Wed Jun 20, 2018 8:26 am
by janTepanNetaPelin
toki!

For didactical purposes, specifically in order to illustrate Toki Pona sentence structures, I'm using the following punctuation:

https://github.com/stefichjo/toki-pona/ ... -poka-nimi

If you would like your sentence to be analyzed, please post it in this thread. :)

Re: Experimental punctuation for didactical purposes

Posted: Wed Jun 20, 2018 8:44 am
by janTepanNetaPelin
In many cases, the official book eliminates commas (between li-phrases, e-phrases), but not always. For clarity, I keep them in the didactical punctuation.

ona li lili li lete.
ona li lili, li lete.

Re: Experimental punctuation for didactical purposes

Posted: Wed Jun 20, 2018 8:47 am
by janTepanNetaPelin
I'm using a hiphen between noun (phrase) and modifier in the didactical punctuation.

tomo tawa
tomo-tawa

The same goes for adjective-adverb-phrases and verb-adverb-phrases.

toki pona li pona mute.
toki-pona li pona-mute.

Re: Experimental punctuation for didactical purposes

Posted: Wed Jun 20, 2018 8:51 am
by janTepanNetaPelin
When a word is omitted, for example "li" after "mi"/"sina", an apostrophe is used instead.

sina sin.
sina ' sin.

(One might argue that "pi" is omitted between a noun and an adjective: "toki (pi) pona", "toki ' pona", but modifiers come with a hyphen: "toki-pona".)

Re: Experimental punctuation for didactical purposes

Posted: Wed Jun 20, 2018 9:03 am
by janTepanNetaPelin
When an adjective (like "kiwen" - "hard") can be used as a noun, implying "something" (like "kiwen" - "something hard"/"stone"/"metal"/...), an apostrophe can be used instead of the "missing" noun:

ona li jo e kiwen.
ona li jo e '-kiwen.

One might want to write the modifier with an uppercase letter instead of using '-:

ona li jo e Kiwen.

When a transitive verb is being used without its direct object, two apostrophes remain:

mije li sona e ijo.
mije li sona.
mije li sona ''.

Re: Experimental punctuation for didactical purposes

Posted: Wed Jun 20, 2018 9:04 am
by janTepanNetaPelin
Prepositions and auxiliary verbs have a plus-sign (+):

ona li wile lape lon supa.
ona li wile+lape lon+supa.

Re: Experimental punctuation for didactical purposes

Posted: Wed Jun 20, 2018 9:09 am
by janTepanNetaPelin
When particles are used as-if modifiers, a colon is used:

toki nanpa wan
toki:nanpa:wan

Names are treated like particles in this sense:

jan Sonja
jan:Sonja

Re: Experimental punctuation for didactical purposes

Posted: Wed Jun 20, 2018 11:52 am
by janKipo
This chops up units in very distracting ways and has no real foundation in grammar. I don’t see the point of it, since the structures are clear, nor why the two cases are treated the same, since the structures are quite different.

Oops! Just caught the last one, not the earlier pieces.

Re: Experimental punctuation for didactical purposes

Posted: Wed Jun 20, 2018 12:18 pm
by janKipo
The books don’t eliminate commas; there are no commas there. The only required comma I can think of is after a vocative ad before sentence, where there is an audible pause. Other commas may be useful sometimes (before terminal PPs after NPS, say) but none are required (well, except in Lope). Commas generally break the flow unnecessarily. So Tepan is not retaining commas, he is adding them.
Hyphens are pointless, since they just makr the fact that one word follows another. They might be hand in the case of three or more words following a ‘pi’, but those are relatively rare to justify all the rest of the parsley.
The apostrophe for missing ‘li’ after ‘mi, sina, o’ is cute and possibly useful. But some of the things Sonja says suggest that there is no ‘li’ there to be missing, that ‘mi’ attaches directly to the predicate at the formation stage. So, the apostrohe should wait for a decision on that question.
There is no ‘pi’ missing for attaching a single modifier, since ‘pi’ only comes into play with a two-word modifier. So that apostrophe is just wrong. (There is a possible hisoric case for possessive modifiers, but that is so archaic that it seems pointless to revive it, handy though it would be.)
The idea of “omitted words” has a certain appeal to a grammarian, but not enough to clutter the page with apostrophes. ‘kiwen’ as “stone, metal” is not an adjective with a missing modificand, but a derivative concrete (pun not avoided) noun. Similarly, transitive verbs without their objects are just intransitive verbs (derivational transformation are separate from grammatical ones).

I realize that these signs are not meant to be actually used in writing but only in analysis. The dange is that one comes to rely on them to read text (though God know why you would in most cases) and thus lose the grasp of how the language goes together. I think analysis is better. done by doing it in the open: this comes from this by these processes. The summary of the results is usually less informative or generally applicable.

Re: Experimental punctuation for didactical purposes

Posted: Wed Jun 20, 2018 3:45 pm
by sunlin
janTepanNetaPelin wrote:For didactical purposes, specifically in order to illustrate Toki Pona sentence structures, I'm using the following punctuation:

https://github.com/stefichjo/toki-pona/ ... -poka-nimi

If you would like your sentence to be analyzed, please post it in this thread. :)

Oh cool! Let me know if I'm parsing these sentences into your notation correctly:
  1. ona li tomo-tawa mi. "It is my car."
  2. ona li tomo, tawa mi. "It is a house to me."