tika (a 100 word language inspired by Toki Pona)

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jan Ape
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tika (a 100 word language inspired by Toki Pona)

Postby jan Ape » Tue Nov 23, 2010 5:20 am

Toki Pona is good and all but I don't think that it's simple enough and now more and more words are being added so I made my own little language. The language has 100 words and I did not pick these words at random. They were selected from a list of most commonly used words. So, this language can express what most people are wanting to say.

8 Letters (5 Consonants, 3 Vowels)

a - a, schwa
i - i, e
k - k, g, h
l - r, l
n - n, m
p - p, b
t - t, d
u - u, o

consonant-vowel order, no consonant clusters AT ALL not even with N!


100 Word Dictionary:

(away) from, of, out of, outside, by (means of): pua

toward, at, on, to, in the direction of, for, concerning, about: tua

and, with, together: ku

one, a, an, single, alone, solitude: nua

in, inside, inter-, among, between, interior, internal: ni

(s)he (living things): lilu

you, your, yourself: tupi

as, (similarly) like, same, equal: kuali

I, me, my, myself: puku

have, hand, carry, bring, hold, keep, maintain, capture: kapi

or (else), otherwise: tai

hot, fire, flame, cook, heat: pika

but, however: kitu

some, many, much, more, a lot, very, amount, quantity, number, count: nuita

what, which: kui

can, able, may, allow, enable, legal, permit, ability, talent, skill: puti

other, another, change, edit, alter, modify, different, differ: tipi

all, every, total, whole, complete, universal, universe: tuta

up, above, top, over, high, superior, formal, supreme, upon, sky, celestial: kiali

use, apply, utilize, usage, application: lutila

word, title, name, label: titula

say, speak, talk, language, tongue, dialect: tika

do, make, cause, (power) on, create, build, construct, work, labor, deed, action, act: kia

time, period, age, season (of time): tipu

will, want, must, desire, wish, pray, need: pili

way, via, path, road, direction, method, style, fashion, pattern: pia

write, draw, inscribe: kuipi

thing, stuff, substance, object: kita

two, double, both, couple: tui

look, see, pay attention, view, watch, eye: piti

move, foot, walk, travel, voyage: nupi

sound, phoneme, syllable, sing, song, music, voice, tone, noise: tuna

no, not, negative: nai

know, understand, acknowledge, wisdom, knowledge, science, logic: luki

water, liquid, wet, wash, clean: lakua

person, individual, personal: pikua

people, group, collection, network, society, community, nation, tribe, race (of people): natiu

down, low, under, bottom, below, inferior, humble, informal, ground, soil, dirt, land, (outside) place, floor: lakiu

side, hip, beside, next to, neighboring, adjacent, lateral, near, about (approximately), maybe: latu

new, fresh, renovate, young, juvenile: niu

part, piece, slice, cut, split, divide, fraction: puati

house, (inside) place, home, domestic, building, den, nest, family: panili

live, life, health, experience: pita

great, major, main, important, special, large, wide, huge, fat: kuati

round, circular, circle, around, orbit, cycle, wheel, sphere, ball: pula

good, easy, simple, enjoyable, moral, support, help, assist, correct, OK, healthy, beneficial: puna

body, form, shape, figure, appearance: puana

think, opine, opinion, thought, believe, belief, idea, concept, visualize, mind, head, brain, cerebrum: kapu

line, string, thread, chain, cord, rope: linia

because, reason: puki

bad, evil, wrong, sin, mistake, oh darn! (interjection), unjust, unfair, wicked: nala

man, male, boyfriend, husband: napikua

woman, female, girlfriend, wife: papikua

air, gas, wind, breeze, ventilation: laili

small, tiny, minor, little, a bit, short: tini

play, fun, entertainment, game, recreation, video game, board game: luta

end, stop, finish, pause, wait, quit, edge, final: pinita

light, bright, sun, star, day time: luka

parent, parental, creator, God, holy, religious: patinu

picture, image, map, chart. graph, letter (of alphabet), mark, symbol, character: pitula

Earth, world, planet, terrestrial: puanita

lead, control, steer, govern: kupia

grow, become, effect (result), happen, event (news), expand, increase: katupi

mouth, oral, eat: kunali

door, orifice, gateway, portal, opening, open, hole, crevice: puita

tree, plant, grass, hair, bush, herb, spice (season): lapi

start, begin, genesis, origin, root, seed, semen: kaki

hear, ear, listen, obey, rumor, story, gossip: kuta

press, click, tap, hit, strike, touch: tuka

close, lock, secret, hidden: kikui

real, really?, true, fact, evidence, exist: pila

white, light (color): lai

offspring, child, reproduce (bear a child): pata

paper, page (of a book), ticket, card: tiki

fish, sea creature: puatu

hill, mountain, bump, lump, button: papu

horse, land animal (non-flying birds), dog, cat, beast, cow, mammal: ninali

color, paint: kala

feel, emotion, heart: kuala

bird, flying animal: puitu

black, shadow, dark (color), darkness: lupua

rock, stone, mineral, vitamin, metal: nitali

furniture, sofa, couch, bend, table, chair, dresser: kupa

war, battle, conflict, fight, argument, debate: kuila

lay, relax, rest, meditate, sleep, dream: tuanu

against, opposite: kutua

speed, quickness, fast, hurry: pilu

love, appreciate, accept: lana

money, currency, dollar, wealth, abundance, finance, economy: tulua

cold, freeze, ice, chill, raw: kili

power, energy, spirit, soul, strength, strong, practice, encourage, energize, exercise, charge (with energy): kina

machine, tool, device, computer: tuli

box, container, bowl, cup, plate, thing used to hold stuff: kata

nothing, none, zero, null, nulify, empty, void: nuli

moon, satellite, lunar: luna

nose, face, smell, breathe, breath, scent: pilati

wall, barrier, obstacle, challenge, problem: palia

sexual organ, penis, vagina, testes, to have sex with, sexual intercourse: pina

kill, destroy, exterminate, death, die: nata

stupid, idiot, fool, weird, crazy, strange, drunk, intoxicated: paka

this, that, it (non-living thing), now, present, current: kini

past, before, previous, backward, behind, back, butt, anus, anal, rear (end): kana

future, then, forward, next, ahead, front: paki


Here is the etymology:

kaki - Japanese (haji from hajima)
kala - English (color)
kana - Swahili (zamani)
kapi - Latin (capere)
kapu - Latin (caput)
kata - Spanish (caja)
katupi - English (come to be)
kia - Latin (crea-)
kiali - Latin (cael)
kikui - English (secret)
kili - English (chilly)
kina - Indonesian (jiwa)
kini - Indonesian (kini)
kita - Portuguese (coisa)
kitu - Japanese (kedo)
ku - Latin (cum)
kuala - Latin (corda)
kuali - Latin (aequalis)
kuati - Latin (crass-)
kui - Latin (quid)
kuila - Spanish (guerra)
kuipi - Latin (scribere)
kunali - Italian (consumare)
kupa - English (sofa)
kupia - Spanish (gobierno)
kuta - Spanish (escuchar)
kutua - Latin (contra)
lai - English (white)
laili - Latin (aer)
lakua - Latin (aqua)
lana - Spanish (la amar)
lapi - Latin (arb-)
luka - Latin (lux)
luki - English (logic)
lilu - Latin (illius)
linia - Latin (linea)
luna - Latin (luna)
lupua - Latin (umbra)
luta - Latin (ludo)
lutila - English (utilize)
nai - Japanese (nai)
nala - Latin (mal-)
napikua - Neologism (Latin mas + Latin persona)
nata - Spanish (matar)
natiu - Latin (natio)
ni - Latin (in)
ninali - Italian (animale)
nitali - Latin (metallicus)
nua - Spanish (una)
nuita - Portuguese (muita)
nuli - Latin (nulli-)
nupi - Spanish (mover)
paka - Japanese (baka)
paki - Swahili (basi)
palia - English (barrier)
panili - English (family)
papikua - Neologism (French femme + Latin persona)
papu - English (bump)
pata - Filipino (bata)
patinu - English (paternal)
pia - Latin (via)
pika - Neologism (Spanish fuego + calor)
pikua - Latin (persona)
pila - Latin (vera)
pilati - Latin (spiratio)
pili - English (will)
pilu - Neologism (English speed + Japanese hashiru)
pina - Spanish (pinga)
pinita - Italian (finita)
pita - Latin (vita)
piti - Latin (videre)
pitula - Latin (pictura)
pua - English (from)
puana - Latin (forma)
puanita - Latin (planeta)
puati - Latin (pars)
puatu - French (poisson)
puita - Spanish (puerta)
puitu - English (bird)
puki - Spanish (porque)
puku - Japanese (boku)
pula - Latin (bulla)
puna - Latin (bona)
puti - Spanish (poder)
tai - Finnish (tai)
tika - Latin (dicta)
tiki - English (ticket)
tini - English (tiny)
tipi - Latin (differt)
tipu - Latin (tempus)
titula - Latin (titulus)
tua - English (toward)
tuanu - Latin (somnus)
tui - Russian (dvoe)
tuka - Spanish (tocar)
tuli - English (tool)
tulua - English (dollar)
tuna - Latin (tonus)
tupi - Neologism (Latin tu + Latin tibi)
tuta - Latin (tota)


Image

Image

Image


The name of the language is Tika and Tika means "talk, language, speech" in Tika. There is no word for "to be". You would have to say truly (pila).

puku pila puna = I am good/moral/healthy.

This is a bit ambiguous so if you want to be more specific, you can say "I have a good body" for "I am healthy".

puku kapi puna puana.

So if "I have a good body" means "I'm healthy", how do you say "I have a good body" as in "I'm good looking!?"

That would be: puku kapi puna piti puana.

puna piti means "good looking", "sexy" or "good vision".

tupi piti puku means "you see me". In English, to turn this into a question you would say "Do you see me?". But in this language, you would just say "verb + nai + verb".

so

tupi piti puku means "do you see me".

tupi piti nai piti puku means "do you see me?"

Punctuations of any kind are not used. Only the period is used to end sentences.

Even though it's only 100 words, you can say some pretty complex things such as geology (puanita luki), selenology (luna luki), sociology (natiu luki) and even psychology (kapu luki) because of compounding words.

You can even swear. nala really means bad or even but it can mean a "wrong doing", "mistake", or even "damn it!" or "oh crap!".

Here is how to express time and numbers:

luna puati = minute
luka tipu = date / day
luna tipu = month / lunar time
pika pula = year (one full orbit of the Earth around the Sun)

nuita = number
nua = one
nuli = zero
tui = two
ku = and



luna pula nuita tui ku nuli ku nua ku nuli
The year number two thousand ten

of course, Arabic digits (1234567890) can be used if you don't want to right that all out.

So you can just say "luna pula nuita 2010"

As for the double vowels. They can be pronounced as diphthongs or separately, it doesn't really matter.
Last edited by jan Ape on Wed Nov 24, 2010 9:45 pm, edited 1 time in total.

janMato
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Re: tika (a 100 word language inspired by Toki Pona)

Postby janMato » Tue Nov 23, 2010 3:55 pm

Re: tp's recent word growth
Yeah I'm mentally putting the new words on the list of archaic and proposed words-- which I don't use unless I'm in an edgy mood.

What sort of grammar do you have in mind for this language?

jan Ape
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Joined: Sat Oct 10, 2009 10:44 pm

Re: tika (a 100 word language inspired by Toki Pona)

Postby jan Ape » Tue Nov 23, 2010 9:04 pm

It's going to be in the same word order as English (Subject, Verb, Object). Adjectives come before Nouns.

Also, these is no word for "to be" so the word "pila" is used which means something like "truely", "really", "truth", "real", "fact".

Here is the Lord's Prayer

nuita puku patinu pila ni kiali.
Our parent/God is truly in the sky.

nuita puku kia puna tua tupi titula.
We do goodness towards your name.

nuita puku pili tupi natiu nupi tua.
We want your nation to move toward.

nuita puku pili tupi pili pila kapi piti.
[l]We want your desires to truly have view.[/l]

lilu kapi piti ni puanita ku kiali.
It'll give view in Earth and in the sky.

nuita puku pili nuita puku luka tipu kunali kita ku nuita puku pili tupi lana nuita puku nala kuali nuita puku lana nala pua tipi pikua.
We want our daytime eating stuff and we want you to accept our evil like we accept the evil of other people.

nuita puku pili tupi kapi nuita puku pua tipu pua tupi kapu pua nuita puku puna ku kapi nuita puku pua nala.
We want you to hold us from the time of your opinions of our purity and keep us away from evil.

pila.
truly/Amen

Note:

move toward = to come; move (away) from = to leave, exist
have view = show, display, exhibit, demonstrate
have know = teach
opinions of (our) purity = judgment
time of your opinions of our purity = from your time of judgment

aikidave
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Re: tika (a 100 word language inspired by Toki Pona)

Postby aikidave » Sat Nov 27, 2010 5:28 pm

janMato wrote:Re: tp's recent word growth
Yeah I'm mentally putting the new words on the list of archaic and proposed words-- which I don't use unless I'm in an edgy mood.


I'm doing the same thing with the new words that came after esun and pan - I'm not using them for now. Most of them, we can already say with existing words.
I would like to see useful new words which cover concepts such as: directions (N, S, E, W) and 'right' and 'left' for starters.

jan Ape, I've invested a lot of time in learning Toki Pona and am planning on continuing, so I won't be studying Tika. That said, I like your idea of selecting the most commonly used words to put in your language. Toki Pona might benefit in adding a few more commonly used words as new words. I would like to keep Toki Pona under 150 words max.

janMato
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Re: tika (a 100 word language inspired by Toki Pona)

Postby janMato » Sat Nov 27, 2010 9:58 pm

Nice graphs.

The language of origin part--that is an auxlang concern. Did you have in mind the various design considerations for an interlanguage/auxlang? In any case, the phonetics are restrictive enough that for many of these word pairs, you cant easily see the original.

Having just recently tried to write a small language myself, how did you pick the words? I see many of them match up to tokipona, but with longer lists of similar words.

jan Ape
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Joined: Sat Oct 10, 2009 10:44 pm

Re: tika (a 100 word language inspired by Toki Pona)

Postby jan Ape » Sun Nov 28, 2010 1:44 am

janMato wrote:Nice graphs.

The language of origin part--that is an auxlang concern. Did you have in mind the various design considerations for an interlanguage/auxlang? In any case, the phonetics are restrictive enough that for many of these word pairs, you cant easily see the original.

Having just recently tried to write a small language myself, how did you pick the words? I see many of them match up to tokipona, but with longer lists of similar words.


They match up with the most commonly used words. That's how these words were selected and then similar ideas were combined

Mako
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Re: tika (a 100 word language inspired by Toki Pona)

Postby Mako » Wed Dec 15, 2010 5:18 am

jan Ape o, toki sin sina li pona tawa mi. ni li ike tawa mi tan ni: mi tawa ala e sitelen sina pi toki Puna. taso toki sina ali li sama e ni: nimi pi toki sina li lili. mi ken ala sona pona e nimi ali. taso mi toki e ni tawa sina: tenpo sin la mi wile pali e toki sin mi. mi sitelen e toki mute ni. sina ken sitelen e ni kepeken toki Tika anu seme?

Mako
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Location: San Francisco

Re: tika (a 100 word language inspired by Toki Pona)

Postby Mako » Wed Dec 15, 2010 3:27 pm

mi sitelen ike e toki kulupu pi tenpo pini. toki ni li sin ala. mi toki e toki Puna. mi wile toki e toki Pu Lu. mi sitelen lon kulupu ni la mi tawa lipu sitelen pi toki Pu Lu la mi kama sona e ni: lipu sitelen pi toki Pu Lu li sama tenpo pini pi lukin mi.

jan Akesimun
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Re: tika (a 100 word language inspired by Toki Pona)

Postby jan Akesimun » Thu Dec 16, 2010 12:43 am

jan Ape o. sina pali e toki pi nanpa seme? I know of this, Bon Wen (which, polished up a bit, has potential, btw), Puna, Bonko, and Keniko (is this the same as Keniban?). I've been trying to find all of them, but you seem to be spread out all over the net. Do you have a main website, or a list your best (ie most fleshed-out or still-under-improvement) ones?
Yo estuve aquí.

Mako
Posts: 184
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Re: tika (a 100 word language inspired by Toki Pona)

Postby Mako » Thu Dec 16, 2010 6:06 pm

jan Akesimun wrote:jan Ape o. sina pali e toki pi nanpa seme? I know of this, Bon Wen (which, polished up a bit, has potential, btw), Puna, Bonko, and Keniko (is this the same as Keniban?). I've been trying to find all of them, but you seem to be spread out all over the net. Do you have a main website, or a list your best (ie most fleshed-out or still-under-improvement) ones?


jan Akesimun o! sina li sona ala e toki sin pi jan Ape. nimi pi toki sin li nimi Pu Lu. mi lukin e sitelen ni la ijo li ante ala. mi la jan Ape li wile pali e toki lili li jo nimi lili mute. mi sona ala e ni: tenpo ni la jan Ape li sitelen e kulupu ni. ken la jan Ape li kama tawa tomo pi kama sona pi sewi.


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